Knee pain is one of the most common problems affecting the lower limbs and there’s no single, simple answer when addressing a painful knee. It’s one of the top injuries experienced by runners, but symptoms can occur in anyone of any age and physical activity level.
The culprit in the pain associated with runner’s knee is inflammation caused by a knee cap that isn’t tracking correctly. The pain and inflammation can spread to surrounding areas including the thigh and shin bone. It can be the result of arthritis, prior injuries or mechanical problems.
A sore knee can interrupt a training regimen and can be particularly difficult to address the longer treatment is delayed. It’s a condition that requires early treatment. Symptoms can include:
- Pain after running or playing sports
- Going up and down stairs
- When the knees are bent, even in a sitting position
- Crunching or popping noises
- A knee that feels weak or unstable
- Inability to straighten the leg or flex the knee
- Swelling or redness
The human body is a finely tuned biomechanical machine and it requires only a slight variation in knee cap tracking for pain to occur. When the pain of runner’s knee first flares up, it often occurs after an individual has initiated a new running routine, increased their workout distance, or is engaged in training. Other factors – alone or in combination – can encompass:
- Poor running technique
- Inappropriate footwear
- The foot rolls/flat feet
- Excessive stair or hill use
- Previous injury to the lower back or pelvis
- Weak inner thigh, hip and buttock muscles
- Tight outer thigh, hamstring or calf muscles
The best solution to avoid knee pain Adelaide is to have a gait analysis performed before beginning any running, exercise or training routine. A digital gait analysis will demonstrate any problems in the gait while walking or running. Appropriate actions can be taken to retrain individuals in the proper way to move or utilize other corrective measures should they be required.
Many clinics specializing in sports injuries provide programs featuring stretching, massage and dry needling, along with strengthening regimens to aid in preventing problems before they occur. Programs typically also include a gait analysis and expert advice about footwear. It’s an investment in health, fitness and well-being that everyone should make.