There are many factors that may contribute to infertility. One reason is that a woman’s reproductive system is not functioning properly. Other issues, such as a man’s hormonal imbalance, can affect his ability to have children. If you or your partner has a medical condition that could contribute to infertility, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
The most common cause of infertility is ovulatory dysfunction, or problems with ovulation. A woman’s ovaries typically produce one egg per month. As the woman ages, the number of eggs decreases. Therefore, the chances of conception decreases with each cycle.
Another major cause of infertility is tubal disease, which occurs when the sperm and the eggs cannot pass through the Fallopian tubes. This can happen if the tubes are blocked or infected. Some women experience this type of infertility due to an underlying infection or endometriosis.
Men can also have a problem with their sperm delivery. Many male infertility problems are caused by structural issues such as a blockage of the epididymis. Additionally, genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis can cause sperm to not function correctly.
Another major cause of infertility involves uterine and pelvic adhesions. These adhesions are the result of injury, infection, or scar tissue. Often, they interfere with the ability to get pregnant and deliver a healthy baby.
In addition to these causes of infertility, some people have problems with their diets. Foods that have high levels of saturated fat, refined sugar, and salt can impact the ability of the body to conceive. Weight loss and eating a healthier diet can help. Similarly, obesity can affect a man’s fertility.
There are many other causes of infertility, including age-related factors. For example, women’s fertility declines at a rapid rate after they reach their 30s. Women who are over 40 should begin seeking treatment for infertility immediately.
Uterine fibroids, or growths that grow in the uterine wall, are another factor that can interfere with conception. Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that can block the fallopian tubes and hinder implantation. Endometriosis, on the other hand, is a condition that causes scar tissue to form around the ovaries. It can also damage the fallopian tubes.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the upper female genital tract. PID can be an inherited disease or a sexually transmitted disease. PID can affect both men and women, but it is more common in women.
Environmental factors such as obesity and smoking are also a major concern. These habits can increase core body temperature, which can impair sperm production. Consequently, obesity and smoking can also have a negative effect on a person’s fertility.
During an infertility evaluation, your IVF Melbourne doctor will ask questions about your health and your history of infertility. He or she will also review your current reproductive health and ask if you have any conditions that could have contributed to infertility. You may be asked about your health history, your current medications, and your past infections.